How many shrines in Japan?


at least 174,000

possibly 261,000

Number of shrines in database: 67,592

Number of shrines on webpage: 169

How many Kami in Japan?


proverbially eight million

but as they can be everywhere

and in everything

the number is incalculable

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March 26 How Many Shrines in Inagi-shi? At least 17

On its home page the Association of Shintō Shrines lists 14 shrines registered with it in Inagi-shi. Four of these seem to be double counted, however, so the real number is ten.  My database has 12 main shrines and five in-ground shrines, the latter are all at Ōmatonotsunoten Jinja.

March 25    Ōmatonotsunoten Jinja     大麻止乃豆乃天神社i

In Tōkyō, Inagi-shi My Japanese friends assure me that this shrine''s name is as difficult to read in Japanese as it is in English. One of two candidates to be the shrine of this name mentioned in the Engi-shiki so it was probably in existence before 927 when the said work was completed. The other candidate is  Musashi Mitake Jinja in Ome-shi. The main kami at both shrines is the relatively uncommon Kushinachi-Mikoto, who is featured in neither the Kojiki nor the Nihon Shoki.

March 17  Tsukudo Jinja    筑土神社

In Tōkyō, Chiyoda-ku. Origin dates to 940 when Taira Masakado's severed head was smuggled back from Kyoto to Tokyo in a bucket  specifically designed for that purpose. The shrine is the ground floor of a gleaming office building which was built in 1994. 

March 6  Inari  Ōkami   稲荷大神

In Yokohama-shi, Isogo-ku. A small, apparently undocumented shrine. This one is purely for the record. I came across it when visiting Negishi Hachiman. Facing the torii of the latter it is about 100m to the right at the bottom of the same hill. I have been unable to find out anything about it. As the photos show, it is being looked after.

March 1,   Negishi Hachiman Jinja       根岸稲荷神社

In Yokohama-shi, Isogo-ku. An anecdote tells us the  shrine was founded in 543 when a golden light drifted in from the ocean and deposited a carving of a kami on the beach. This became the shintai of the shrine. The Negishi Forest Park is located a steep climb up behind the shrine.

Nov. 24:  Sugimori Jinja     椙森神社   

In Tōkyō, Chūō-ku. One of the six small shrines which I visited on a 1.25km round trip from Ningyōchō Station.  thought to have been established in 931. along with Karasumori Jinja and Yanagimori Jinja one of the Three Edo Shine Groves. One of the Nihonbashi Seven Lucky Gods, the kami is Ebisu.

Nov. 17:  Suehiro Jinja         末広神社

In Tōkyō, Chūō-ku. One of six small shrines which I visited on a 1.25km (as the crow flies) round trip from Ningyōchō Station.  It is just 122 sq.m. in area. It was, and apparenty is still referred to as, the tutelary shrine for the Yoshiwara red-light district.

Oct. 30:  Senzoku Ike Benzaiten     洗足池弁財天        

In Tōkyō-to, Ōta-ku. Also known as Ichikishima Jinja. The only information I have on this shrine is a small notice board inside the shrine grounds. In centuries past there was a small shrine on the north bank of Senzoku Ike but it gradually sank into the lake. At the beginning of the Shōwa era, 1926, many residents of the area began seeing Benzaiten in their dreams. This led to discussions about again enshrining Benzaiten and in July 1934 these discussions bore fruit with the restoration of the shrine. It is about 150m along the shore of Senzoke Ike from Senzoku Hachiman Jinja.

Oct. 25:  Senzoku Hachiman Jinja 専属八幡神社

In Tōkyō-to, Ōta-ku. Founded in 860. Pleasantly situated on Lake Senzoku. Its main claim to fame its association with a famous horse, Ikezuka, which appeared out of nowhere to Minamoto Yoritomo when he was trying to rally his forces after defeat by the Taira in the Battle of  Ishibashiyama in 1180. Yoritomo interpreted the appearance as an omen foretelling his eventual overthrow of the Taira. 

Oct 14: Shinmei  Hikawa Jinja 神明氷川神社

In Tōkyō, Nakano-ku. Founded in 1469 by Ōta Dōkan to afford spiritual protection to Edo castle. The kami of Musashi Ōmiya Hikawa Jinja was enshrined through the bunrei process.  It is said that thereafter the Ōta family made a special tamakuji offering at the shrine’s annual festival each year.

Oct. 5: Noborito Inari-Sha 登戸稲荷神社

In Kanagawa-ken, Kawasaki-shi, Tama-ku. Founded by a Takeda clan retainer prior to 1580, when it was wasahed away during a Tama River flooding. Destroyed again by a storm during the 1840s. The main hall was rebuilt in 1853, the present hall dates to  1953.

Sept. 29: Negishi Inari Jinja    根岸稲荷神社

In Kanagawa-ken, Kawasaki-shi. I have no information at all on this shrine. I was not even aware of its existence until I came across it after making a wrong turning on my way from the nearby Gotanda Jinja to Masagata TenJinja. It is situated at the foot of Mount Hinata right next to Route 13.



                                                                                     Layout design support : Akiko Morita                                                                                                                                                                            レイアウトデザイン協力:森田 明子

Notes: 1) Throughout this site the colour violet is associated with kami/gods, red with shrines/jinja

                                          2) For Japanese words in italics on this site the Japanese script equivalents can be found in the Vocabulary

© Rod Lucas 2016-2020

All text and photos by Lucas unless otherwise stated