Japan's Shrines & Deities 日本の神社と神々
How many shrines in Japan?
at least 174,000
Number of shrines in database: 68,341
Number of shrines on webpage: 178
How many Kami in Japan?
proverbially eight million
but as they can be everywhere
and in everything
the number is incalculable
June 30: Gojō-no-Miya 五条宮
This is the only jinja in the country where Emperor Bidatau, the ancestor of the Tachibana family is enshrined. It was probably built in 593 along with the Shitennō-ji temple to serve as the spiritual guardian of the temple’s two medical institutions. Reflecting this, its initial kami were the kami of medicine, Gojō Ōkami and Sukunahikone-no-Mikoto.
June 17: Ōe Jinja 大江神社
In Osaka-shi, Tennōji-ku, Said to be one of the Seven Tennōji no Miya, meaning that it was founded in the late seventh century. Three of the other Tennōji no Miya were merged into it in 1911/12. The shrine grounds are extensive, almost 6,000 sq.m., and house 130 camphor and lotus/nettle trees. It has been designated a forest conservation area by Ōsaka-shi.
In Osaka-shi, Chūō-ku. Sukunahikona Jinja offers a very good example of the unity of the spiritual and commercial worlds. It was founded in the building of a trade organisation specialising in traditional Japanese and Chinese herbal medicines, and to this day the organisation continues to function under the aegis of the shrine. The two enshrined kami are Sukunabi-kona-no-kami and Shennong, respectively the founding fathers of traditional Japanese and Chinese herbal medicine.
May 25: Ikasuri Jinja 坐摩神社
In Osaka-shi, Chūō-ku. One of Osaka’s most important shrines. One theory traces its origin to an act of worship by Japan’s first legendary emperor, Jimmu, another to a similar act by the semi-legendary Empress Jingu on returning from her Korean venture. Listed in Engi-shiki as one of two Ichi-no-Miya for Settsu Province. Moved to its current location between 1624 and 1644. Its in-ground shrine, Toki (Porcelain) Jinja is interesting in its own right and holds a potters' festival each July 22.
May 15: Goryo Jinja 御霊神社 Osaka-shi, Chūō-ku. In existence by 850. Among the original kami was Seoritsuhime, one of the most mysterious in the Japanese pantheon. She appears in neither the Kojiki nor the Nihongi, but is mentioned in a Great Purification Ceremony norito (liturgical chant). There is speculation that she may be Amaterasu Ōkami-aratama, the main kami of the shrine, under another name. A pair of splendid bronze koma-inu date to 1615. These were created by Fujiwara Masatsugu, who was also a swordsmith of some note.
May 5: Ichinotsubo Jinja 市ノ坪神社
In Kanagawa-ken, Kawasaki-shi, Nakahara-ku. The most interesting aspects of this jinja are its enshrined kami, Omodaru and Ayakashihikone, the 6th of the Seven Generations of Celestial Kami, the one preceding that of Izanagi and Izanami. Omodaru is usually seen as the male component of the pair, Ayakashihikone the female. In pre-modern times this 6th generation was often seen as a temporary incarnation of the Buddhist god pāpīyas (Sanskrit), the Devil king of the 6th heaven in the world of desire, who under his Japanese name of Dairokutenma-Ō,was worshipped at shrines and temples.
April 29: Takaoka Jinja 高岳神社
In Hyogō-ken, Himeji-shi. Despite it's being one of the four shrines listed in the Harima Province/Shikama section of the Engi Shiki its affairs are now overseen by the nearby Aga Jinja. One of the seven enshrined kami is Emperor Sudō. There is no such historical emperor: the title was bestowed posthumously. I think this is the only such example in Japanese history.
April 20: Ikuta Jinja 生田神社
A Shikinai-sha and one of Kobe's top three shrines. Founded in 201 by Empress Jingu a year after she returned from her Korean incursion. The kami, Wakahirume, is considered to be Amaterasu's younger sister, or possibly child. The shrine was moved to its present location in 799.
April 6: Inage Jinja 稲毛神社
In Kanagawa-ken, Kawasaki-shi, Kawasaki-ku. Not clear when this shrine was founded but the presence in its grounds of a large ginkgo tree thought to be over 1,000 years old hints at its antiquity. The tree was damaged in the 1945 fire bombing but has slowly been recovering. In 1986 a ring of the 12 Chinese Zodiac animals was built around it.
March 26 How Many Shrines in Inagi-shi? At least 17
On its home page the Association of Shintō Shrines lists 14 shrines registered with it in Inagi-shi. Four of these seem to be double counted, however, so the real number is ten. My database has 12 main shrines and five in-ground shrines, the latter are all at Ōmatonotsunoten Jinja.
March 25 Ōmatonotsunoten Jinja 大麻止乃豆乃天神社i
In Tōkyō, Inagi-shi My Japanese friends assure me that this shrine''s name is as difficult to read in Japanese as it is in English. One of two candidates to be the shrine of this name mentioned in the Engi-shiki so it was probably in existence before 927 when the said work was completed. The other candidate is Musashi Mitake Jinja in Ome-shi. The main kami at both shrines is the relatively uncommon Kushinachi-Mikoto, who is featured in neither the Kojiki nor the Nihon Shoki.
March 17 Tsukudo Jinja 筑土神社
In Tōkyō, Chiyoda-ku. Origin dates to 940 when Taira Masakado's severed head was smuggled back from Kyoto to Tokyo in a bucket specifically designed for that purpose. The shrine is the ground floor of a gleaming office building which was built in 1994.
Layout design support : Akiko Morita レイアウトデザイン協力：森田 明子
Notes: 1) Throughout this site the colour violet is associated with kami/gods, red with shrines/jinja
2) For Japanese words in italics on this site the Japanese script equivalents can be found in the Vocabulary