"...any being whatsoever which possesses some eminent quality out of the ordinary, and is awe-inspiring, is called Kami.”
Midosuji and Keihan Main Lines
Ōsaka-fu, Ōsaka-shi, Chūō-ku, Awaji-machi 4-4-3
May 15, 2020
This is the fourth of the ex post facto shrine reports I compiled while under self-isolation during the Covid-19 State of Emergency in Tōkyō. I visited it in November 2014.
Starting in 850 a small shrine called Tsubura Shinshi 圓神祠 on the coast of Ōsaka Bay at what is now Utsubo held a festival called the Yasoshima Matsuri in the year after the Daijō-sai. The enshrined kami were Seoritsuhime, Tsuburahiko and Tsuburahime. Variously known as Tsubura Jinja, Tsuburae Jinja, and Tsumura Jinja, the shrine became the spiritual guardian of the Tsumura district in Settsu Province. At the time it was located near Utsubokusunaga Jinja in what is now Tsubo-machi in Ōsaka’s Nishi-ku. In 1594 the leader of the Shikano Domain in Inabi Province, Kamei Korenori 亀井茲矩, gave a part of the grounds of his residence in Senba to the shrine; a small jinja, Inui-Hachiman-gu乾八幡宮, enshrining Kamakura Gongorō Kagemasa,
(Note: numbers in parentheses after kami names
refer to position in How Many Kami table)
Amaterasu Ōkami-aratama 天照大神荒魂
Emperor Ōjin 応神天王
From Merged Shrines
Genshō Reijin 源正霊神
Kōtai Jingū 皇大神宮
Ebisu Jinja 恵比須神社
Sarutahiko Jinja 猿田彦神社
Tōgū Jūni-sha 東宮十二社
Matsu-no-ki Jinja 松ノ木神社
Annual Festival: October 17
posthumously known as Genshō Reijin, was built on the new land and merged with the existing shrine.Along with this the shrine was moved from Tsuburae to its current location in Senba. In the Edo Period, following a mispronounciation of Gongorō the shrine came to be known as both Goryō-no-Miya and Tsubura Goryō: in the Kanbun Period (1661- 1673) the Goryō Jinja name was formally adopted-. In 1873 it was given village shrine status and in 1884 a Bunraku Theatre opened in the shrine grounds. Named the Goryō Bunrakuza, it flourished during the golden era which Bunraku was enjoying at the time. In 1926, however, it was burnt down in a fire which also destroyed the shrine's main hall. The hall was rebuilt in 1930, only to be destroyed again in the first firebombing of the city by the US Air Force on March 13th and 14th of 1945. It was again rebuilt in 1957.
This bronze koma-inu and its counterpart were created in 1615 by Fujiwara Masatsugu 藤原正次, who was also a swordsmith of some note.
The Enshrined Kami
Amaterasu Ōkami-aratama is the manifestation of Amaterasu Ōkami enshrined in the Aramatsuri-no-miya auxiliary shrine of the Ise Jingū Nai-Gū. Of interest in this context is Seoritsu-hime, one of the original kami worshipped at the shrine. She, and she is one of the gentle sex as denoted by the “hime” in her name, is something of a mystery. She appears in neither the Kojiki nor the Nihongi, but she is mentioned in a norito used in the Great Purification ceremony. She is therefore associated with purification, but there is a theory that she is in fact Amaterasu Ōkami-aratama under a different name. Tsuburahiko and Tsuburahime, a male-female duo, were originally the guardian deities of the Tsumura district in Settsu Province.
(Click on images to expand them)