Nearest station

Nishi-eifuku

Keio Inokashira Line

Tōkyō-to, Suginami-ku, Ōmiya 2-3-1

東京都杉並区大宮2-3−1

大宮八幡宮

   Ōmiya Hachiman-Gū

September 20, 2017

Overview: The Zenpukuji River (善福寺川) Jinja Walk

The Zenpukuji River Green Park is one Tōkyō's well-known cherry viewing spots, but almost unknown as a Jinja Walk. The rear of the the Ōmiya Hachiman-Gū abuts the river and following the river north from there for about 600 metres through the Wadabon Park, there are a number of footpaths to choose from, brings one to the Seiso-shirayama Jinja, which is about 100 metres outside the park. Returning to the river, a walk of a little less than two kms  brings one to the Ozaki-kumano Jinja. This essentially brings the river/path walk to an end. A further 600 metres to the north, which takes one well beyond the boundaries of park, is the Seiso-suga Jinja: from there it is about 500 metres to Minam-asagaya Station on the Marunouchi Line.

History

As with the Konnō Hachiman-Gū, the Ōmiya Hachiman-Gū was founded in the aftermath of the successful Minamoto military campaigns in northern Honshū. The shrine’s home page tells us that it was founded in 1063 by Minamoto Yoriyoshi to fulfil a pledge he had made some years before when setting out on the Zenkunen-no-eki (lit. "Early Nine Years' War," 前九年の役) military campaign in Ōshū Province at the command of the 70th Emperor, Go-Reizei. As his army was approaching the Ōmiya area, an eight-streaked white cloud appeared in the sky above

Enshrined Kami:  

Main

(Note: numbers in parentheses after kami names

refer to position in How Many Kami table)

Emperor Ōjin     応神天王

Emperor Chūai 仲哀天王

Empress Jingū   神功皇后

 

From Merged Shrines

None

In-ground Shrines:

Tenman-Gū                     天満宮

Mitakeharuna-Jinja         御嶽榛名神社

Shirahata-Gū                        白幡宮

Wakamiya Hachiman Jinja 若宮八幡神社

Tamashimizu Yashiro         多摩清水社

Inari Jinja                        稲荷神社

Sanbōkō-Jinja                  三宝荒神社

Shirayama Jinja               白山神社

Earliest mention of:  1063

Annual Festival:   September 15

 
 

and hovering over the army looked just like Yoriyoshi’s whitebattle flag fluttering in the breeze. Immediately interpreting this as a sign that the kami were protecting him he vowed to build a shrine on the spot if he returned as a victor. The fortunes of war did indeed smile on him, and on his triumphal return in 1063 he fulfilled his vow by building a shrine in which Hachiman, the deity of the Iwashimizu Hachiman-gū, one of the 22 Shrines, was enshrined via the bunrei process. Later, his son, Minamoto Yoshiie, who founded the Konnō Hachiman-Gū, renovated the main hall of the  Ōmiya Hachiman-Gū and in addition planted 1,000 pine seedlings in the shrine grounds. During the wars of the Tenbun Period (1532-1554), the shrine was destroyed by fire and in 1591 received an annual subvention of 30 koku from Tokugawa Ieyasu. At its peak during the Edo Period the shrine sat on some 198,000 sq.m. of land: although the land area is now one quarter of this amount it is still the third largest in Tōkyō (the largest is Meiji Jingu, 700,000 sq.m., second, with 100,000 sq.m., is Yasukuni Jinja). In 1875 it was given the rank of gosha. In 1965, the 900th anniversary of the shrine’s foundation, the main hall was rebuilt entirely of Japanese cypress.

Description

Seven minutes on foot from Nishi-eifuku Station. As well as being one of the Eight Edo Hachiman-Gū it is also one of the Three Musahi Province Ōmiya.The spacious grounds mean that there is a lot to see in this shrine, including a bamboo grove, and it is well worth a visit. Combine it with the Zenpukuji River Jinja walk and a most enjoyable and rewarding few hours can be had.

(Click on images to expand them)

Ōmiya Tenman-Gū 大宮天満宮
Ōmiya Tenman-Gū 大宮天満宮
Sugawara no Michizane 菅原道真
Tamashimizu Yashiro         多摩清水社
Tamashimizu Yashiro 多摩清水社
Ōmiya Inari Jinja 大宮稲荷神社
Sanbōkō-Jinja                  三宝荒神社
Wakamiya Hachiman-Gū 若宮八幡宮
Shirahata-Gū   白幡宮
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© Rod Lucas 2016-2019

All text and photos by Lucas unless otherwise stated